jueves, 31 de marzo de 2016

2nd bach. Students should have this clear.

This is a writing which includes many of the grammar items that drive you crazy.  

We started the course revising all the grammar you have been learning and practising since you started studying English some 12 years ago, which is quite a long time.  From how to express what you are like or what you have, to what you do everyday or you are doing at the moment. Also what you did or have done or been doing, as well, which belongs to ESO contents. 
Furthermore, when we   want to express something we want to or will do in the future, we agreed that we would say 'I'm going to share my sandwich with you', when you have thought of doing it before; however, we say 'we are sharing our sandwich', when you have arranged or planned to do that – there is no big difference between both tenses in this case.  On the other hand, if we decide to do something just while we are speaking to someone, we use will: 'It's hot in here', says the teacher, and the polite student offers: “I'll open the window''.  When we are speaking about something we think will happen in the future, we use will as well: 'When I'm 25, I will be living in my own house'.
We must also use the present simple with future meaning, when we are speaking about timetables: 'Lessons start at 9 on Monday' or 'the London train leaves at 7'45'.

  We also revised how to express both something that we will be doing at a certain time in the future and that someone will have done by a certain time in the future, that is, before that time: 'By the end of May we will have finished the course' means that we will do it before the end, not precisely on the 31st.  Then we are looking forward to going on holiday, because we can't stand studying any more, although we are aware of the fact that we will have to study for ten more days or so until we have finished selectividad. 

English verbs are pretty simple. After explaining the present and future, let's go on with the past:
In spite of the fact that all past events obviously happen in the past, we have to take into account the relationship of the different events among them:  On the one hand, if an event is related to the present, we call it present perfect; therefore, you must say:  'I have studied at this school for nearly six years', or even more if you have failed and repeated a course; whereas a student who is not at school any longer, will say: 'I studied here for 6 years', because he finished last year, or one year ago, and hasn't been at this school for several months or years.  And when we are speaking about the past, we can either speak about what we were doing at a certain moment: 'I was reading a book at 9 yesterday', or what you did at a certain moment: 'I saw a film yesterday afternoon'.  What's more, you can combine both tenses when a short action interrupted a long one: 'Peter was having a shower when his girlfriend went into the bathroom', and neither of them must have been surprised, as they used to live together, until they fell apart and split up not long ago. 
Morover, when there are two past actions and one is previous to the other, we use the past perfect- the past of the past.  ‘Despite the fact that he had promised to do it, when Mary arrived home, her husband hadn't made dinner yet', so Mary must have been quite annoyed, as she might have been very hungry. 
We also studied the modals, some months ago, and you should have learned that if you must or have to do something, it is your obligation; and when you can or are able to play the piano, you know how to do it.  You must or have to go to school on schooldays, but you needn’t or don’t have to bring your English tasks on the days you do not have English lessons.  However, you might/may need an umbrella if it is cloudy when you leave home, because it may/might rain.  And you should study every day if you do not want to be overstressed when the exams come, and if the results are not good you will tell yourself: ‘I should have started revising earlier, and my results would have been better’.  Although you may not agree with the grade the teacher has given you because you think you can’t have done so badly in the exam, as you had revised quite well for it.  But, in spite of revising quite a lot, you could have had a bad day due to exhaustion by accumulation of tests. 
Sometimes you would like to be allowed to use the dictionary in English tests, because you do not remember some important words.
The passive showed us that in English, when we do not have a subject, we usually say that the house was built a century ago, and I was given a new mobile for my birthday is much more used than a new mobile was given to me.  I have been taught Latin this year, not they taught me Latin.  And also that, when you do not do something yourself, you have it done by someone: You can paint the house yourself or have it painted by the painters.

It is two months for the end of the course, and it is time to settle the knowledge you have acquired for a long time, you should be revising all the works you have done until now, realise what your mistakes are and try not to repeat them, apart from revising the items you are aware you do not manage well enough. 

The final thing will be to get the right technique to do tests: find the main ideas, express them clearly- careful with word order- practise transformations, even though they are basically grammar, and organise ideas and express them in a simple and clear way in the composition.  And do things in a thoughtful way, texts cannot be memorised, they have to be understood, summarised, commented, etc.. it is a practical question, so any practise will do, be it reading, listening to 6 minute English to get ideas, or writing compositions.

After so many English courses, it can’t be so difficult.   

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